Lithiasis (also known as Calculus or Stones) affects one in four Spaniards, the percentage of patients suffering from a disease predisposing to lithiasis formation is very low, the great majority of formations are due to lack of hydration and precipitation of Microcrystals that over time can form a larger lithiasis, in general features are usually classified according to their location (thus we will have renal, ureteral, bladder and urethral lithiasis) and their size, are generally set between 8 and 9 millimeters for Differentiate the theoretically expellable lithiasis from the non-releasing lithiasis, which will require some treatment to eliminate them. The treatment is also a function of the characteristics and situation of each patient in each moment, so this is a guide that must be adapted to each particular case.
- Extracorporeal Lithotripsy: Lithiasis will sometimes require removal by extracorporeal lithotripsy (a machine that fragments lithiasis from outside the body through electromagnetic waves), are outpatient treatments that usually require analgesia or anesthesia during its completion, treatment may Consist of one or several sessions on different days, the result is not known until a few days after the same, since it has to be added to this time until the removal of fragments of stone
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: An operation that consists of making a path through the skin from the back to the kidney, including through which mechanisms of fragmentation of the stones are introduced and the fragments are extracted.
- Open and laparoscopic pelyolitotomy: if the kidney stone is more than 2 cm. Of maximum diameter is recommended surgery, since the fragmentation and removal of the remains of the stone could generally many problems
- Ureterorenoscopy: The lithiasis that are lodged in the ureter are the ones that cause the famous nephritic colic, pain in one of the sides that usually causes vomiting. This is due to the fact that lithiasis causes an obstruction to the passage of the urine of one of the kidneys, provoking its dilatation and the consequent pain, for these cases it is preferred to carry out a treatment mainly by Surgical Ureterorenoscopy, with epidural or general anesthesia in the operating room Introduces an extremely fine apparatus (the ureterorenoscope) through the urethra that progresses through the urinary system to the location of the lithiasis that is fragmented (laser or any other mechanism of fragmentation) and eliminates. Later, an internal catheter is usually left to heal the wound usually produced by lithiasis in the urinary system. The catheter that is not seen from the outside leaves a variable time that goes from 2 weeks to 6 months depending on the patient