With the laparoscopic approach, large incisions are avoided on the patient's abdomen, which allows important advantages to be obtained, such as less postoperative pain, shorter hospitalization time, lower rate of postoperative complications, shorter convalescence period, less loss of Blood and therefore fewer transfusions. Another of the great advantages of laparoscopy is the amplified vision of the organ to operate which translates into greater precision in the movements and gestures of the surgical team.
Laparoscopic surgery is based on a minimally invasive surgical approach that consists of operating the patient without having to make extensive incisions on the abdominal wall to allow the surgeon to introduce his hands or his instruments into the abdomen of the patient, which means to replace the surgical access Traditional aperture through small incisions through which an optics connected to a mini-video camera and surgical instruments is introduced.
In laparoscopic surgery a small incision (port) of 1 to 2 cms is made. Through which a 10 mm wide camera is inserted that is connected to a television monitor from where the surgical team can see the image of the interior of the patient abdomen. Through this approach a gas called carbon dioxide is introduced into the patient's abdominal cavity, in order to create a space to operate.
The surgical approach is completed with another 3 or 4 ports ranging between 5 and 10 mm. Through which surgical instruments such as tweezers, scissors, coagulation elements and others are introduced that allow the operation without having to open the patient.
The enormous advances in video technology and cameras, especially with the advent of the digital image, has allowed its application to laparoscopy offers a huge benefit. The image obtained is sharp, magnified and enlarged, allowing the surgeon to see the organs much larger and more closely, giving it greater precision and facilitating the visualization of the details to ensure a more meticulous surgery.